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I’ve got a few servers in my home lab and I’ve always taken steps to make sure they’re quiet.  I like running my lab out of my office closet, but I don’t want to hear any of them running.  I’ve blogged about how to build a silent PC, but today I’m tackling another noisy beast – an off-the-rack server.

Dell PowerEdge 1900 Internals

Dell PowerEdge 1900 Internals

Quest got me a Dell PowerEdge 1900 to use as a virtualization host, and it’s been great.  Two quad-core CPUs, 16gb of memory, six SATA drives in a RAID 10, and about a hundred pounds of solid steel.  Seriously, the case is bulletproof and gawdawful heavy.

But it’s loud.  Deafeningly loud.  It’s got 6 92mm fans that can wake the dead.  They’re temperature-controlled, so they don’t go full blast unless the server’s working hard, but even at very light loads they’re just way too loud.  I couldn’t carry on a conversation next to this server, let alone record a podcast.  This wasn’t a problem when I had the server in the basement, but now that I’ve moved to Chicago and my “datacenter” is my home office closet, it’s a problem.  I can’t run cables inside the walls since it’s a rented condo, and I can’t run cables along the floor because I’ve got a girlfriend with a keen sense of design.

The Fix: Replacing the PowerEdge Fans

The stock fans are Nidec BetaV TA350DC 92mm fans that:

  • Move up to 150 cubic feet of air per minute
  • Spin at up to 6,000 RPM
  • Scream at 57 decibels – not quite as loud as yo momma, but close
  • Have pulse width modulation (PWM) speed control – the motherboard can control the fan speed based on how hot the server gets

Removing a Fan

Removing a Fan

Fans like this rely on very fast rotation speeds to push a lot of air, but the faster the blade spins, the more noise it makes.  Quiet-PC freaks like me turn to fans that turn slower, yet still push a lot of air.  I bought six quiet 92mm PWM-controlled fans for under $10 each that:

  • Move a lot of air, but
  • Spin much slower
  • And much quieter
  • But still allow PWM speed control

If you don’t get fans that are PWM-controlled, then the Dell motherboard will freak out upon boot-up and think there’s no fans connected.  Some models will wait for the user to hit a key to acknowledge that error, and I don’t want that happening – I leave my servers in the closet without a monitor attached.

PowerEdge Fan Cage

PowerEdge Fan Cage

 

The Good News: It’s Easy to Swap the Fans

Unlike some vendors, Dell’s fans use a removable cage surrounding an industry-standard fan.  Just pop the fans out of their orange cases – no tools required – and pop in the new one.

Any 92mm fan up to 38mm thick will work, and thinner fans like this work fine too.  One side of the fan cage has click-on tabs that hold the fan in, so even thin ones are fine.

The power cable is even easy to remove, but about that power cable…

The Bad News: The Power Cables are Proprietary

Unfortunately, even with PWM-controlled fans, the pin connections don’t match Dell’s proprietary connector.

Fan power cables aren’t plug-and-play either.  You’ll need to bust out the solder gun to cut the Dell fan cable leads and attach them to the Nexus fan’s power cables.  Both the Nexus and the Nidec fans have the same number of wires, and the same color codes.  Connecting them is just a matter of cutting the cables away from the power connectors and soldering them together.

The Result: Enjoying the Silence

I can’t believe what a difference it made.  I can hear again.  I can record podcasts with the server running in the closet right behind me.

I haven’t taken scientific measurements, but the PowerEdge now sounds roughly similar to a home-built desktop.  It’s not as quiet as my home-built silent PC or my Optiplex 360, but it’s more than quiet enough to work with in the closet.

The PWM fan controls work smoothly too, reporting back their speed to the motherboard just like the native fans.  Below is a screenshot of VMware Virtual Center showing the fan speeds, happily spinning along well below their maximum speeds.  I’ve seen them running faster (2250 RPM) during heavy load, which tells me that the motherboard is throttling down the fans.  That would seem to indicate that the motherboard isn’t overheating, because the motherboard doesn’t feel the need to ramp up fan speeds to full blast.  That’s what I call a success.

vSphere Fan Alert

vSphere Fan Alert

 

The Drawbacks

One problem shown above is that sometimes fans spin slow enough that they trigger Dell’s thresholds for slow-moving fans.  This isn’t a problem by itself, but since vSphere color-codes servers according to their alerts, this means that my host goes red a lot, but I have to switch over to the alert screen to find out if it’s just a slow fan or something more serious.  Gotta figure out how to fix that for good one of these days.

Because the fans are so quiet when they’re running slow, I’m also much more aware of the server’s load now.  When I start doing CPU-intensive stuff, I hear the fans start to spin up louder – something I wouldn’t have noticed before when the fans were always running full steam.  Even at their loudest, they’re still quieter than the stock fans, but the changing fan speeds can break my concentration sometimes.  (I’m easily distracted.)

Another problem is that the server isn’t any cooler.  This server lives in my office closet, but I can’t close that door or else it gets hotter and hotter in there.  I leave my office window open full time, even in the Chicago winter.

Here’s Amazon’s current 92mm PWM-enabled fans.

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  1. One thing I recently did was add two additional layers of acoustic foam to my server. I picked up the AcousticPack Ultimate kit which contains a few extra sheets of the stuff and it lowered my noise by more than 50%. Cost about $40 and I didn’t have to bring the server down.

  2. Toilet tank water cooling? Will there be a sign on the tank that says “flush twice it’s a long way to Round Rock Tx” (DEll’s home)?

  3. Am amazed… Rock Solid DBA and who can dig deep in with Soldering Iron ! Thanks for a wonderful journey presented as a blog… :-)

  4. It would be interesting if you try and tackle some sort of conduit improvement where you pull air from the window through a counduit, use a fan to force it upward across the server, and then have another conduit shove the air back out the window. I think I was reading how some of Intel’s data centers were using outside air, filtered but not naturally cooled, for some of their low-medium load servers. Saved ‘em a ton in cooling costs.

  5. Hi Brent,
    ~
    I also have one of those very noisy DELL PowerEdge servers (which I can not get rid of), namely a 1850 one. I am trying to quiet it down as much as I can
    ~
    The 1850 was actually designed as a blade (not a tower) and specially the 4 front fans are very noisy
    ~
    Here is a picture of them (I took one out):
    ~
    http://hsymbolicus.files.wordpress.com/2010/02/pe_1850_san_ace_40_fans.jpg
    ~
    It says on the fan:

    San ACE 40
    9CR0412S5038
    DC 12 V 1.1 A
    EP 110524C R

    SanyoDenki
    Made in China
    ~
    and the technical specs of the (most similar) fans I could find are here:
    ~
    http://www.sanyodenki.co.jp/en/techrepo/16e/e.pdf
    ~
    exactly the specs of the 9CR0412S5038 model I couldn’t find the closest I got was:
    ~
    http://www.sanyodenki.co.jp/en/news/2007/20071025sanace4048pwm.html
    ~
    which (based on the preffix of the model code name) seems to be a pwm fan. I see the one on their technical spec doesn’t look like the ones on the PE 1850
    ~
    I am planning to generally follow your instructions. Is there anything you would have done differently (after you gained the experience ;-))?
    ~
    Also, I like quietness (I am what they call a semi-musician). Unnecessary noises annoy the hell out of me. I know DELL boxes are very proprietary (not that “open”) are there any combinations of hardware + BIOS + OS + internal box design + … as servers and/or high-end PC boxes you would recommend as specially quiet or at least easily quietable through open source software such as the lm-sensors and fan control libraries? And of course I would like for whatever I do to be reliable, even if it is undervolting a box. Any tips?
    ~
    Thank you
    lbrtchx

    • Oooo, yeah, the 1850′s tougher because it’s rack-mounted. Rack-mount boxes have very small diameter fans, so they have to turn at a higher RPM in order to move the same amount of air. It’s almost impossible to make them quiet.

      I built a totally silent PC for my desktop and I documented the parts here:

      http://www.brentozar.com/archive/2009/05/how-to-build-a-silent-pc/

      It’s fantastic. The only way I know it’s running is if I hold my hand over the top vent and I can feel a slight breeze from the fans. (I don’t have any lights on the front either.) I’d recommend that case very highly.

  6. My son built his first PC about five years back and I would kid him about how it sounded like an airplane. I just install a Dell T710 (has redundant cooling fans) in our shared home office. Now he is giving me grief over the jet engine (what comes around goes around).

    Nice to know someone else tried this first. Thanks for the tip.

  7. Hi Brent,

    How did you connect the wires, they seem to use different color codes?

  8. So I tried this with the exact same fans as you did. I assumed the red wire and the green wire are supposed to be connected to each other since they are the only ones that don’t match up. I power on my poweredge 1900 and the fans don’t come on at all. any ideas?

  9. Nevermind. Basically with the fans you provided the link to, you have to connect the wires according to the following as the colors don’t completely match up.

    Black – Black
    Red – Yellow
    Yellow – Green
    Blue – Blue

    • I had two fans that have a red instead of blue wire. should i just follow the colors on those? The others worked great following our chart.. thanks

      • Ken – unfortunately I don’t know anything about the fans that you’ve got, and I’d hate to give you advice that might cause you problems.

        • I had bought the ones you recommended. 4 out of the 6 followed the:
          Black – Black
          Red – Yellow
          Yellow – Green
          Blue – Blue

          two of them had a red wire instead of a Blue one, so just following the color to color for the back, yellow, red, and doing blue to green worked for them.

          Thanks. This article was a great help and the new fans made a big difference.

  10. Hi,

    I’ve ordered one Replacement Set of the original fans for my poweredge 1900.

    So, how’s working your server? Well? Whats about the temperature? Less RPM’s = warmer system??

    I use also esx 3.5 but i will migrate soon to vsphere..

    What will you suggest? My 1900 is in my homeoffice. :-) To loud!

    Greetings Fab

  11. Where do you get a replacement fan for an Optiplex 360 and is it hard to replace?

  12. Hey, just a quick thanks Brent.

    you’re a champ to share and that is why I’m still doing what I do in life.

    Technology is great and the Information Age rocks my socks, cheers buddy. :P

    from DownUnder ;)

  13. Hiya! First of all, thank you for your brilliant info on this, as I was in the exact same situation as you. I bought some artic cooler fan’s from amazon for cheap: http://www.amazon.co.uk/gp/product/B002QVLBPO/
    I do however have the same problem as you:


    One problem shown above is that sometimes fans spin slow enough that they trigger Dell’s thresholds for slow-moving fans. Gotta figure out how to fix that for good one of these days.

    Did you ever find a way to fix this? The problem I have with mine is that the server fans spin up (whenever one of the fan’s is running at 1275 rpm)and down constantly. This causes the remote access card log to fill up as well.

    Cheers!

    • Thanks, glad you liked it! Unfortunately, no, I never did figure out how to change that. I figured out how to make my fans go just a wee bit faster (yay, dry graphite spray) so that they didn’t trigger the alerts though.

      • Cheers! I was playing around with the whole setup again yesterday and I found out that you don’t need PWM fan’s at all. I disconnected the blue cable (PWM signal coming from the mainboard) which caused the fans to run at 100% (1800 rpm, and still very silent). This setup is cooling the server better now and no more alerts/errors! Thanks again, it is now so much less of a pain working with this box turned on :)

  14. Hi,

    I have a Poweredge 2600 and the fans have different colours:

    Black
    White
    Brown
    Red

    Does anyone know how I can match these up to the Green, Yellow. Black and red wires on the Nexus fan?

    Thanks in advance!

    • Any joy with the pe2650?

      • Unfortunately not. Tried contacting the people who make the fans but had no reply by email or phone. Haven’t tried speaking to dell but I will try soon.

        Apparently the black and red are the Power and Ground so the other two won’t be as important because they are sensor and control so it will be trial and error. If there is no sensor the fan should stay at full speed so I will have a go soon.

    • Owner of a 2600 here, which lives in my home office closet. It too had people asking me if I left the leafblower running in my office. I bought 4 Arctic Cooling F9 PWM 92mm Case Fans, cut and spliced the cords (black-black, red-red, yellow-yellow, green-blue) and it is now whisper quiet.

  15. I tried 1 and the bad news is it failed so I am back to the drawing board. The RPM was too low and resulted in a shutdown.
    The positive news is I have a plan B.
    I have order 2 of the following:
    http://www.akasa.co.uk/update.php?tpl=product/cpu.product.tpl&no=181&type=Fans&type_sub=Auto%20thermal%20Sensor&model=AK-192BKT-B
    I am going to try 1 in the psu and 1 on the motherboard. Best wishes,

  16. I just bought a dell 1850, (wish i would have seen this thread before) but yeah, WAY to loud, about 3 times louder than i expected… the thing actually scared me when i turned it on… anyways, i came upon this article and it gave me hope! i thought i was screwed! BUT heres the thing:

    My Poweredge 1850 is a rackable server (http://cgi.ebay.com/ws/eBayISAPI.dll?ViewItem&item=350430204861) not a dektop/tower one as the one in the pictures look to be… so that means those fans you replaced the lous ones with are not an option for me, correct? are there any options for my situation?

    • I think your a lot more limited with rack mount servers. The fans in those are designed to be fast so they can push a lot of air through. Mainly because there isn’t a lot of air space within them.

      I first bought a rackmount but promptly contacted the seller to see if I could take it back. It sounded like I had several hoovers running all at once which isn’t really an option for a small room.

      My advice is to ask if you can send it back or sell it on. Then get a Desktop style server as you have a lot more options with those.

  17. Brent, thanks for a useful article.

    Re PE1900; I too have one of these, recently “embedded” in my home lab, and have ordered up some replacement fans, as per your original article.

    The following may be of use to those of you who do not mind getting their coding hands dirty

    1]
    http://support.dell.com/support/edocs/software/smbmcmu/BMCMU_4_3/en/ug/html/bmcugabb.htm#wp1060168
    2]
    http://linux.dell.com/files/whitepapers/netware_mgmt_v1.4.pdf

    page 11 onwards of the 2nd item shows the CLI handling of BMC – where one can set a number of triggers/levels for notifications/actions etc.

    Essentially one can modify some, but not all, of the monitoring parameters at the lights out management CLI.

    There’s been some discussion of similar approaches on the Dell community support fora: most people there were attempting to mod the behaviour of the standard Nidec fans by reducing their max speed, which it is now clear doesn’t work, but with alternative fans in place increasing the minimum threshold speed /should/ work. I plan on testing this out next week when my replacements arrive.

    Note that the early release firmware for either BMC and/or DRAC5 units wasn’t that good so it’s worth downloading the latest versions and patching the system.

  18. Just converted our poweredge stats server using the same method. Installed 6 Arctic cooling F9 Pro’s, I can’t even hear the thing any more. thank for the guide.

  19. Have got my one of these servers coming in the next day or 2. Am looking to do the mod and live in the u.k. I have been thinking of looking at the pulse width mod and see if there is a way to make these servers think they are doing more rpm from these fans by a pic chip or maybe a monostable. Any thoughts on this?
    What fans have other people fitted in the U.K?
    Glen

  20. Has anyone seen this…could this be a good one???
    http://www.zalman.com/ENG/product/Product_Read.asp
    Has anyone used these?

    Ta

    Glen

  21. I’ve got a PowerEdge 1950 and am planning on trying to swap out the fans. In my last rackmount server which the 1950 is replacing I put Vantec Stealth fans in there to get it close to silent, but the 1950 is much louder out-of-the-box. Any suggestions?

    • Baxter – sorry, I don’t have a PowerEdge 1950 here to test with.

    • Hi Baxter,

      We’ve just got a PowerEdge 1950 too, and I’m looking at solutions to make it quieter. Have you decided what youre going to try yet?

      • I am also trying to silent a 1950, found this text on Dell’s website:
        “Dell BMC Firmware, v.1.22, A04
        The BMC firmware monitors various sensors on the system board and adjusts certain parameters to maintain normal operation. This update is designed to improve the fan speed algorithm which impacts the overall power draw of the system. The BMC firmware checks the configuration of system components” ref: http://ftp.dell.com/Pages/Drivers/poweredge-1950-all.html

        this means BMC contains the fan speed algorithm, so we need to mod BMC to make the fans go slower, no fan replacement is required if we could do it.

  22. Thank you for the information. I can now power on my PowerEdge in my office, at least. And I really should practice my soldering a little more often! So for the next question…. Did you also replace the fans in the power supplies? They are not jet-engine loud, as the six fans that just got replaced, but I like to push my luck. After the sound improvement of the nasty six, it would be great if the two power supplies could be similarly silenced. Do you have any recommendations/suggestions for quieting the power supply fans as well?

    I am not sure if it matters, but I am running Ubuntu on it.

    Thanks

    KIG

  23. No, I haven’t done anything to my 1950 yet. Any other ideas? I’d sure love to quiet the thing down.

  24. OK, I was wrong – it’s a PowerEdge 2950 (2U), not a 1950 (1U). Looks like it uses 60mm fans. Any suggestions to get quieter ones in it?

    • Hi Baxter,
      Just a quick one if you look in openmanager can the fans be adjusted in there? I know they cant on a 1900 but not sure on a 2950.

      Glen

  25. Pingback: Replacing the fans on a Poweredge 2800 | Tüftler

  26. Anyone found a solution for the oscillating fan problem? I have the same issue with my PE 2800… I started to think a bit about possible ways to solve this problem:
    http://projects.nuschkys.net/2011/08/03/these-darn-fans/

    If anyone has a hint or an idea I would appreciate it!

  27. I have picked up a Google Search Appliance which is basically a Dell PowerEdge 2950 and stumbled upon your blog post while researching how to make the thing quieter… I was almost contemplating building a soundproofed server cabinet to store it in – now I think I shall try to replace the fans first.

    • @Simon

      I too have a google appliance that I have reflashed the bios on to make it a true PE2950. Was you able to replace the fans successfully? I am really wanting to do this as well to reduce noise.

    • Hello Simon,

      If you are willing I could use some detailed instructions on how you re-purposed your Google Appliance. I’m not a server guy but can stumble my way through it. Thanks in advance for your time!

  28. I have a PE 2900 for tests at the office but it’s too noisy to leave running. I wanted to try this and have purchased the fans and a 2nd set of Dell fans so not to mess up the originals. My problem is the wires, they are not quite color coded the same as mentioned. From the image you have posted I think it’s the Nexus Fans that are different, Blue-Green-Yellow-Black and the Dell is Blue-Black-Yellow-Red. Is it safe to say the Red and Green connect and the rest match? Any info you might have would be great. Thanks.

  29. Fantastic post. Do you have an current status update? Any issues with the new fans to date? Have they been reliable? Any heat issues? I want to do the same thing with a 2900…

  30. Hey, I finally managed to adjust the critical fan thresholds by patching the BMC firmware! Here’s the howto:
    http://projects.nuschkys.net/2011/11/15/how-to-adjust-the-fan-thresholds-of-a-dell-poweredge/

    My PowerEdge 2800 is now more silent than my desktop:
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rJ-ScmbQ0hY

    @Brent: Sorry for spamming your blog, I didn’t know you don’t have your PowerEdge anymore. Last post, I promise… :)

  31. Brent & Arnuschky thank you both. I finished switching my Dell PE2900 over the those Nexus 92MM PWM Fans today. I purchased a 2nd used set of Dell Fans for the orange holder keeping my Fans intact. With the 2900 and Nexus Fans it matched Arnuschky’s post on wiring for the Everflow Fan. My Dell has dual CPUs & Redundant PowerSupplies with 8 SAS 15K drives. We use it for Testing only, I wouldn’t do this othewise. These Nexus Fans are running between 1500RPM and 1650RPM. I guess I’m making enough heat to keep the RPM’s above the threshold, no errors or warnings so far. It’s much quieter sitting behind me although I hear the drives and maybe a fan in the Power Supply? Great info guys, thanks again.

  32. Hello, if you are still around i have a question about this. I have an ibm eserver 366 i plan to do this with. Each fan has a six pin connector but two of the pins are just for a fan-fail LED so that leaves four like you have, the problem is that the Fan itself only has three wires coming from it and the third and fourth pins on the connector are just bridged with a wire. Do you know of a three pin PWM fan or should i just but four pins and not use one pin or connect it to the bridged pin??

    It has two fan sizes 90mm and 80mm

    thanks for reading.

    • Paul – sorry, I can’t give specifics about a server and fan I’ve never seen. Your best bet would be to contact IBM or a motherboard forum, or a site like superuser.com.

  33. Hi,

    I am planing to follow the steps you have outlined here for my Dell PowerEdge 2950.
    One of the images in the post is missing, I can see the place holder but the image is missing.
    Can you fix this please, so that I can follow the instructions.

    Thanks,

    Ajay.

  34. Hello!
    I am trying to follow this steps as well and i could not get it to work, i have an extra fan and 6 fans of the ones you recomended i taped the cables toghether without soldering and it did not work, any sufggestions?

  35. Thanks for the guide. I actually run it in the room where i sleep. I used GELID fans which are about the same as the ones mentioned. I will note here that for anyone doing this with IBM servers, their is no need for PWM, it will still work, but you do not need to spend the money. The reason for this is because they do change speed the voltage is actually regulated from the motherboard itself. A standard 3 wire fan will work.

    Also a word of warning. On the ibm eserver 366 that i did this to, it used the same fans in the case as in the power supply, so i went ahead and replaces that one too. The cpus and ambient stayed quite cool with the new fans but the power supply reported very high temps. When idle when i was configuring it, (turned off but still power supply on with low fan speed) the power supply overheated and turned off. After this i thought it would be more safe to just keep the original fan in the power supply. It is still much quieter and all the components are happy, thought i would recommend against running 8 threads of folding@home on it…

    Thank you for writing this guide, Brent, without it i might never have got my server running!

    • Hey Paul,

      Out of curiosity, what fans did you use to replace the ones in your IBM 366? I’m looking at doing the same thing with mine.

      Would appreciate any tips.

      Cheers.

      • Hi, for the life of me i could not find your comment to repond to before even though i got the email. Anyway i know its been a while but if you are still interested i used GELID fans 92mm and 80mm (i would recommend FN-SX09-15 and FN-SX08-16 types)

        I bought the PWM types, but it ended up that this was pointless because the ibm actually has the fan voltage regulators on its own motherboard so you only need a standard 3 pin fan. Do not change the power supply fan, it will actually stay at a low speed if you have all the gelid fans installed in every slot. (been working great still run the system even through i guess its outdated) Also, i did not even bother soldering, i just twisted em together and taped it and they all still work so go figure.

  36. Good morning Mr Ozar,
    Sorry for my english but i’m from Paris in France …
    I want to buy a Dell PowerEdge 1900 to install an ESX on it and i know this is a very noisy server. I really appreciated your post and i think i’ll follow your advices to get this machine quiet but just wanted to know if your PE 1900 is still working good despite the vsphere fan alert.

    Thank you so much.

  37. How is the PSU temperature with those much inferior fans?

  38. Hello !

    I have Dell Data Center Server (DSC) PowerEdge FS12-SC.
    It screams like a jet engine … I could use some ideas just to make it quieter.

    Thank you.

  39. I know this topic is quite old but it’s still useful for me, so thank you. That being said, does anyone know the pin order/placement of the Dell & Nexus fans? They don’t have all the same colors, but connecting them in same order based on where they are connected on fan’s board doesn’t seem to work for me.

    Any help would be appreciated.

  40. Replaced all the PE 1900 fans, now I can actually use the server – it was previously just being used occasionally due to the noise. The challenge is however that the temperature seems to be rising somewhat, so that my Adaptec 5th generation card (52445) overheats.

    I’ll probably need to switch RAID cards with my T710, which holds the old Adaptec 31605 cards. Therse are much less sensitive to temperature, and even works in the PE 1800 servers. (Too bad ebay is out of the 31605 cards) Guess I’ll keep my T710 unmodified then,

    Thanks to Brent and Ken who posted the color codes for my fans.

    • The Adaptec overheating problem solved by a combination of
      - cutting the blue power cable on the top fan, and
      - leaving the slot above the Adaptec 52445 card empty & open.

      Maybe I’ll have a go at my T710 as well then…

  41. Hi,

    I have a dell PE 1950 iii 1u- I was wondering if you have ever heard of anyone converting it to a tower?

    thx

  42. Thanks for your post. I have a server HP DL740 that makes loud noise that I can’t hear anything else.
    I bought it hoping I would use in my home lab.

    It has a Nidec TA600DC Model: A34969-90.

    Looks like the fan is 192mm.

    Do you know if there is a way to reduce the noise similar to yours?

    Thanks in advance

  43. For these people who have anomalies in fan cable coloring here is what I have for Dell power edge 2600 and what is working for me:

    New Fan : Blade Master 92, R4 BM9S 28RK (Standart (PWM) 4 pin fan connector)
    Old fan : Nidec Beta V : VA350DC (Proprietary Dell)

    NEW FAN: black -> GRD -> black OLD FAN
    NEW FAN: yellow -> 12V -> red OLD FAN
    NEW FAN: green -> RPM -> yellow OLD FAN
    NEW FAN: blue -> PWN -> green OLD FAN

    After that you have to do fan threshold adjustment.

  44. Instead of soldering, just use this: http://www.amazon.com/Rexus-3-Pin-Fan-Cable-Adapter/dp/B001CWY3IA

    Problem solved. It’s made so you can connect NORMAL 3-pin fans to the 3-pin dell main board.

  45. Brent

    Thanks for the fix. After I changed ALL 6 fans, the 1900 became silent, I actually tried to change only 4 and with the thinking of leaving the original fans blowing on the CPU’s and removing 4 of the fans would reduce the noise significantly it actual increased the noise. Did you ever find away to change the Minimum RPM speeds to stop the alerts, It appears to happen every so often that a fan drops to the minimum or just below, but than it appears the speed gets corrected and the alert goes away.

  46. Pingback: Silence the Dell PowerEdge 2950 » Martin DENIZET

  47. after one of the three hard disk failed in the server power edge R310 but now my server fan is to speed to much fan noise in my office help what is happen

  48. my server fan is to much speed after one of three hard disk failed

  49. Hi, I just wanted to tell you this has saved me from an early grave courtesy of my “less that impressed” wife!! When I replaced my failing old server with the beast that is the 1900 someone gave me I honestly couldn’t believe the noise it made! Even tucked away in the (used-to-be) kitchen-pantry/server-room the sound was deafening. I purchased six of these at £3.50 a pop http://www.ebuyer.com/410491-arctic-f9-pro-pwm-92mm-case-fan-afaco-09pp0-gba01 took about an hour to swap them out and OMG!!! what a difference. You can’t even tell it’s on now! So, thanks for saving my ass and a bucket load of money!

  50. Just did this update to our 1900 and here is my experience.

    First, our server is not loaded up with hard drives. It has two and otherwise is stock, so the cooling requirements aren’t as high. It’s also in a large open air conditioned room, so no closet.

    I installed the most recent Arctic F9 fans. About $10 a piece on Amazon http://www.amazon.com/ARCTIC-F9-PWM-Case-Fan/dp/B002QVLBPO

    The color codes for the wires match up perfectly, so no problems there. They fit ok in the brackets, as Brent describes. At first, I hooked up the blue wire, but ran into the problems others have described regarding the fan speed threshold warnings. I decided to give another post’s idea a try and cut the blue PWM wire. Worked fine and the fans all run at full speed now.

    I don’t have much experience soldering, but had no trouble. Just used an iron, electrical solder and heat shrink tubing. The wires are small, but if you’re patient, it’s no big deal. Because they are so small, I ended up using electrical tape on each individual wire and a shrink tube over all together.

    The difference is incredible. It pretty much sounds like a regular PC. These definitely do not push as much air as the old fans, but I think they will be adequate for my needs. (stock config and not in a closet)

    Thoughts…
    Install these one at a time! Do this for just one fan first. I left the server running at the time. When I plugged it back in, I checked the fan speeds in the Dell Server Admin software before I installed each fan. It could be disastrous to turn of the server and install all fans at once and find out something is wrong.

    I did have some incoming voltage warnings on our APC UPS battery backup at first. They seem to have disappeared now. I am not too concerned, but will continue to monitor.

    By cutting the blue PWM wire, you are basically telling the fan to run at full speed. This seems to be about 1700-1800, which is plenty higher than the 1250 threshold the dell has set.

    Temperatures seems to be fine. I would be more hesitant about doing this if our server was packed with drives or cards.

    I have NOT rebooted the server yet. If there is a prompt at startup regarding the PWM cable not being connected, I have no problem since this isn’t a headless server and can easily be monitored.

  51. I am in the process of replacing the Poweredge 1900 fans with brand new Acrtic F9 fans. I am assuming that these are the fans referenced in the posting. If so, can someone please let met know if the colors match up? The colors are the same, and right now I have them matched, but I am unsure if the test fan is spinning in the correct direction. I guess my main question is which way should the fan be installed in the box? Withe the F9 label facing the back of the unit or the front. I would think this would be somewhat obvious, but I am having trouble figuring it out!

    Thanks

  52. Colors match up for me. I just didn’t connect the blue wire so the fans run full all the time. It’s almost been a couple months and running flawlessly.

    • The only question then is which way to install the fan? Does the F9 label go towards the back of the unit or the front?

  53. OMG! I replaced the fans and right away my wife is letting me keep the server! One little thing I did different is that I did not want to play with solder so I got 24 small crimp tubes and connected the wires that way. It was a little tricky getting them to all go in the box but it worked out fine. Now the server is slightly louder than my desktop!

    Thanks Brent for the great page!

    • Awesome! Our server is in a large office with a few cubicles and we always called it the jet engine before. I was a bit hesitant about soldering myself, but once I committed to learning, it was pretty easy. Works either way. I would just be a little bit concerned about the connections loosening over time if you don’t solder. Just keep an eye on your fans in the Dell admin console and you should be fine.

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