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When Query Plans Lie Part 2

Getting Weirder In Part 1, we looked at how query plans can tell us little lies. Now we’re going to look at how those little lies can turn into bigger lies. Adding An Index Right now, this is our query: Transact-SQL SELECT u.UpVotes, u.DownVotes FROM dbo.Users AS u WHERE u.Reputation >= 100000; 123 SELECT u.UpVotes,…
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Hey, That’s Not My Sort!

Understand Your Plan Mr. Optimizer does the rock n roll hoochie koo with Mrs. Optimizer, c. 1953. When reading query plans, you may sometimes see a sort when you didn’t explicitly ask for data to be sorted. Sometimes they show up to support order-preserving operators like stream aggregates, merge joins, or segments. Other times, they…
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The Many Mysteries of Merge Joins

Not A Single Picture Of A Zipper Image humbly borrowed from https://70srichard.wordpress.com/2014/12/17/beverly-hills-cop/ There are some interesting things about Merge Joins, and Merge Join plans that I figured I’d blog about. Merge joins have at least one interesting attribute, and may add some weird stuff to your query plans. It’s not that I think they’re bad,…
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Missing Index Impact and Join Type

Indexing
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Just Another Way No matter how you delve into missing index requests — whether it’s the plan level, DMV analysis, or (forgive me for saying it), DTA, the requests will generally be the same. They’ll prioritize equality predicates, the columns may or not may be in the right order, the columns may or may not…
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Memory Grants: SQL Server’s Other Public Toilet

Sharing Is Caring When everything is going well, and queries are behaving responsibly, one need hardly think about memory grants. The problem becomes itself when queries start to over and under estimate their practical needs. Second Hand Emotion Queries ask for memory to do stuff. Memory is a shared resource. What kind of stuff? Well, usually…
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Functions Can Still Use Indexes, Kinda.

This sentence gets repeated a lot. You know the one: “Functions prevent the use of indexes.” Well, knowing you, it’s probably just your indexes. I’ve seen your indexes. Functions can use indexes, but even so, that doesn’t mean that they’re going to perform as well as queries without functions. Which Indexes? In the SUPERUSER database (yeah, I know, I’m…
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Computed Columns: Reversing Data For Easier Searching

During Training We were talking about computed columns, and one of our students mentioned that he uses computed columns that run the REVERSE() function on a column for easier back-searching. What’s back-searching? It’s a word I just made up. The easiest example to think about and demo is Social Security Numbers. One security requirement is…
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Rebuilding Indexes Can Slow Queries Down

Index Maintenance
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Today, Jonathan Kehayias wrote about how fragmentation impacts execution plans. I’m really into performance tuning, so I read the post carefully, really interested to see how it impacted query runtime. You should read it too – it’s a great post with a solid demo. But oddly, he didn’t mention the query speeds. I thought that was…
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Brent Ozar reading

New System Stored Procedures in SQL Server 2017

Columnstore Indexes, SQL Server 2017
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Got a few new stored procs for columnstore indexes: sp_add_columnstore_column_dictionary – input params for @table_id, @column_id sp_is_columnstore_column_dictionary_enabled – as above, plus output param for @is_enabled bit sp_remove_columnstore_column_dictionary – input params for @table_id, @column_id And a couple for snapshot views (which appear to be related to the new snapshot messages in sys.messages) sp_refresh_single_snapshot_view – input param for @view_name…
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